After the signs and symptoms of cancer start developing in your system finding proper diagnosis and treatment for the same is a difficult job. A good quality medical facility with a leading team of experienced doctors and cutting-edge diagnostic tools and treatments is a boon to any patient
Nowadays advances in detection have improved the ability to discover cancers earlier and to diagnose them more accurately. Additionally, improvements in conventional cancer treatments have made it possible to cure many cases of cancer. The latest therapeutic strategies have also been effective in thwarting the disease. To know about the recent development in diagnosis and treatment you can visit website and get the best chance for a cure.
Overview of Diagnosis of Cancer
Detecting and Diagnosing cancer accurately at an earlier stage often provides a maximum chance to get cured. Having proper screening tests can save lives by diagnosing cancer early as they are recommended only for people with increased risk.
To diagnose cancer properly a doctor goes through a lot of examinations such as:
- Physical exam
A doctor will check with physical examination for areas or lumps in your body as it may indicate a tumour. Even they check for abnormalities in skin colour, organ shape etc. All these indications can prove them to be signs of cancer.
- Laboratory tests
Going through tests of urine and blood tests will help a doctor to identify symptoms of cancer. The blood sample tests reveal the unusual blood count of white blood cells which happens in case of leukemia i.e. blood cancer.
- Imaging tests
Other tests like imaging tests give a clear idea to doctor on the status of your bones and internal organs. Imaging tests also consists of the scan, bone scan, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography scan, ultrasound and X-ray.
The biopsy is also another procedure that collects a sample of cells for testing in the laboratory. The proper procedure depends on the type of cancer and its location. Through the lab reports, doctors can diagnose cancer cells as they look less orderly, with varying sizes and without apparent organization.
Treatment to recuperate from cancer
One of the most common treatments for cancer is surgery. Some of the options are –
- Stereotactic radiosurgery is especially useful to treat brain cancer with a precise beam of radiation therapy.
- Lumpectomy surgery for breast-conserving done with a modified radical mastectomy or by underarm lymph node excision.
- Laparoscopic robotic-assisted prostatectomy which is used nowadays on a wide range of cases that results in less blood loss, and briefer and less intense post-operative tribulations.
Chemotherapy includes a variety of drugs that are given in a variety of ways as a treatment of cancer. The other option of continuous infusion chemotherapy is given through a pump slowly over one or more days.
Using a high-powered energy beam, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells is known as Radiation therapy. It can be induced from a machine outside your body or it can be placed inside your body with brachytherapy.
Bone marrow transplant
Bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplant is a transfusion of bone marrow stem cells or blood stem cells. A donor is necessary to do go through the process of a bone marrow transplant.
Immunotherapy uses your body’s immune system to fight cancer. Known as biological therapy, it recognizes cancer in the immune system and attacks it.
Hormone therapy removes those hormones from the body that spreads cancer or blocking their effects thus causing cancer cells to stop growing.
Targeted drug therapy
The treatment of targeted drug therapy focuses on specific abnormalities within cancer cells that allow them to survive. Always make sure that the treatment options will depend on several factors, such as the type and stage of cancer and general health preferences. So before choosing any type to consult your doctor and weigh the benefits and risks of each cancer treatment to determine which is best for you.