Health

Travel vaccinations: Are you covered?

As we near the end of the year, many of us are prepping for our dream overseas holiday. Though, it’s sometimes forgotten that with dreamtrips, come deadly diseases. The home doctor experts at House Call Doctor have given the heads up for the main vaccines to check for before going abroad.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is one of the most common vaccine-preventable diseases in travellers. It is a liver disease common in developing countries with poor sanitation and limited access to clean water.

Symptoms:

  • High fever
  • Severe headache
  • Neck stiffness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Drowsiness or difficulty awakening
  • Joint pain

How it’s spread:

  • Contaminated food or water

Where it is:

  • India
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Central and South America
  • The Middle East

Meningococcal

Although rare, Meningococcal disease is a potentially devastating infection. It’s hard to diagnose and spreads rapidly.

Symptoms:

  • High fever
  • Severeheadache
  • Neck stiffness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Discomfort in bright lights
  • Drowsiness or difficulty awakening
  • Joint pain

How it’s spread:

  • Close contact with an infected person

Where it is:

  • Africa

Rabies

Rabies is present in many countries across the globe and, without appropriate treatment, is fatal.

Symptoms:

  • Irritability or aggressiveness
  • Excessive movements or agitation
  • Confusion, bizarre or strange thoughts, or hallucinations
  • Muscle spasms
  • Seizures
  • Weakness or paralysis

How it’s spread:

  • A bite, scratch, or lick on an open wound from an infected animal, such as:
    • Dogs
    • Monkeys
    • Cats
    • Rats
    • Bats
    • Foxes
    • Chipmunks

Where it is:

  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Eastern Europe
  • Central and South America

Typhoid

Typhoid is common in developing countries with poor sanitation and limited access to clean water.

Symptoms:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Headache
  • Poor appetite
  • Abdominal pain and peritonitis
  • High fever
  • Lethargy
  • Intestinal bleeding or perforation (after 2-3 weeks of the disease)

How it’s spread:

  • Contaminated food or water

Where it is:

  • India
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Central and South America
  • The Middle East

Yellow fever

Yellow fever can be a severe disease, which is why you need to be vaccinatedbefore legally entering some countries.

Symptoms:

  • High fever
  • Yellowing of your skin
  • Liver and kidney malfunction

How it’s spread:

  • Mosquitoes

Where it is:

  • Africa
  • The Caribbean
  • Central and South America.

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Hemant Kumar
Hemant Kumar is a project manager at Tridindia with more than nine years of commendable experience in writing about LMS, translation, and IT. His unmatched talent and passion for digital marketing gave him the opportunity to work as a multi-tasking project manager at TridIndia’s sister company, Link Building Corp. Today, he contributes to the world by imparting knowledge on SEO, link building and internet marketing etc., that helps business owners grow their online business.